Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Global Warming: Fact Vs. Fiction Essay -- Environmental Global Climate

Global Warming: Fact Vs. Fiction Global Warming -- the gradual increase in planet-wide temperatures -- seems to be accepted by many scientists and people now as fact. Generally, this warming is attributed to the increase of green-house gases in the Earth's upper atmosphere. However, some solar scientists are considering whether the warming exists at all. And, if it does, might it be caused, wholely or in part, by a periodic but small increase in the Sun's energy output. An increase of just 0.2% in the solar output could have the same affect as doubling the carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere. What is the Problem? What is the evidence for global warming? Certainly, there are considerably more green-house gases (e.g. carbon dioxide) in our atmosphere than in previous times. And there appears to be some evidence that global temperatures are rising. But, how accurate and correct are our global warming statistics? And, do we really know what role, if any, the Sun might play in any global warming patterns? These issues are currently being debated, and may significantly affect you for the rest of your life. Would you like to do some research to find out more about global warming? We suggest here some research topics and places to begin looking for information. But these are all controversial issues, and there are no definitive answers (yet). As an informed, and voting, citizen of the next millenium, you will need to keep listening, looking, and being alert to new research and evidence. Science Is global warming occurri... ... reside with chapter Lead Authors... Some Lead Authors ignored valid critical comments or failed to... reflect dissenting views..." The report was therefore the result of a political rather than a scientific process. Claim: The majority of scientists believe global warming is a process underway and that it is human-induced. Fact: A 1992 Gallup survey of climatologists found that 81 percent of respondents believed that the global temperature had not risen over the past 100 years, were uncertain whether or not or why such warming had occurred, or believed any temperature increases during that period were within the natural range of variation. Further, a 1997 survey conducted by American Viewpoint found that state climatologists believe that global warming is largely a natural phenomenon by a margin of 44% to 17%.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Reducing Stress through Meditation

In today’s world every one experience stresses almost every day and human body involuntarily reacts in ways that prepare them to fight or run. However, stress is something that needs special attention and if it is not taken care properly it may lead physical damage to every part of the body. There are several studies that suggest the beneficial affects of meditation is exactly the opposite ways that stress does. Therefore, they claim that â€Å"meditation can restore the body to a serene state, serving the body to repair on its own, and averting further harm due to the physical effects of stress† (Scott n.pag). This paper is a literature review on what the experts think of the impact of meditation on stress management.It is a well known fact that stress and tension has become the common thing in the world today. There are enormous pressures of work, finances, family life, disease, studies, parents, children, etc. â€Å"In fact it is proven beyond doubt that stress and anxiety are the main cause for many serious health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes and strokes and many more problems† (Monslow n.pag).Meditation is an age old technique that includes relaxing methods such as â€Å"listening to the breath, repeating a mantra, or detaching from the thought process, to focus the attention and bring about a state of self awareness and inner calm† (Canter 176-177). Though many researchers have worked on this issue it has been difficult to prove its therapeutic value. However it is assumed that this stress releasing activity may have prophylactic and therapeutic health benefits. This has been proven because of certain physiological effects such as a decreased of slowed heart rate or a particular electroencephalographic pattern that occur during meditation and describe a calm state may provide insight into how meditation works.According to a study conducted by Eisenberg et al. (964-972) â€Å"an association was found in a meta-anal ysis of cognitive behavioral techniques such as meditation for hypertension†. In another study of â€Å"meta-analysis trials of relaxation and meditation for trait anxiety that included 70 trials of meditation and showed that the 35 trials of transcendental meditation were linked with significantly larger effect sizes than other techniques† (Eppley et al. 957-974).According to another study in asthma problem it was found that sahaja meditation which is a technique of passive witnessing of thoughts, improved some outcomes. However, differences were not maintained at two months (Manocha et al. 110-115). Similarly, studies showed that people with epilepsy practising sahaja meditation had a significant decrease in objective stress measures and frequency of seizures (Panjwani et al 111-116; Panjwani et al 165-172).A study that was designed to determine the effectiveness of a group stress reduction program based on mindfulness meditation for patients with anxiety disorders. I n this study 22 study participants were selected with a structured clinical interview and found to meet the DSM- III-R criteria for generalized anxiety disorder or panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. During the study assessments, including self-ratings and therapists' ratings, were obtained weekly before and during the meditation-based stress reduction and relaxation program and monthly during the 3-month follow-up period.It was found that a â€Å"group mindfulness meditation training program can successfully decrease symptoms of anxiety and panic and can aid preserve these reductions in patients with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or panic disorder with agoraphobia† (Kabat-Zinn 936-943). The findings of a study by Kaplan et al (284-289) suggested that a meditation-based stress reduction program is effective for patients with fibromyalgia. In fact this is a chronic illness characterized by extensive pain, tenderness to light touch, fatigue, sleep distur bance, and resistance to treatment.In yet another study by Barnes et al. (366–369) that was taken up to determine the impact of stress reduction on blood pressure in adolescents by the Transcendental Meditation program it was found that there was a greater decreases in daytime systolic blood pressure (P < .04) and diastolic blood pressure (P < .06) in those people who were practicing transcendental meditation when compared with the control group. Therefore the study concluded that there is a beneficial impact of the transcendental meditation program in youth who are at risk for the development of hypertension.A study carried out at Harvard University found that elderly individuals who learned Transcendental Meditation exhibited considerably superior improvements in a range of age-related aspects of mental and physical health when compared to other techniques or among the control group with no-treatment. This study demonstrated that majority of subjects involved in Transcenden tal Meditation rated this technique as individually helpful and uncomplicated to do when compared to the other techniques. A follow-up study after three years found that all those who had learned Transcendental Meditation were still alive compared with significantly lower survival rates for the other groups and for the remaining population of the institutions where the study was carried out (Alexander et al. 950-964).Work CitedAlexander CN, Langer EJ, Davies JL, Chandler HM, Newman RI. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. (1989) Vol 57, 6 pp 950-964.Barnes, V.A., Treiber, FA and  Johnson, MH. Impact of transcendental meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. Am J Hypertens (2004) Vol 17 pp 366–369.Canter, P The therapeutic effects of meditation, editorial STUDENT BMJ VOL 11 (June 2003) pp: 176-177.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Ballad of the Sad Cafe - 46714 Words

The Ballad of the Sad Cafà © and Other Stories by Carson McCullers Back Cover: When she was only twenty-three her first novel, The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter, created a literary sensation. She is very special, one of America s superlative writers who conjures up a vision of existence as terrible as it is real, who takes us on shattering voyages into the depths of the spiritual isolation that underlies the human condition. A grotesque human triangle in a primitive Southern town. . . A young boy learning the difficult lessons of manhood. . . A fateful encounter with his native land and former love. . . These are parts of the world of Carson McCullers -- a world of the lost, the injured, the eternal strangers at life s feast. Here†¦show more content†¦The owner of the place was Miss Amelia Evans. But the person most responsible for the success and gaiety of the place was a hunchback called Cousin Lymon. One other person had a part in the story of this cafà © -- he was the former husband of Miss Amelia, a terrible character who returned to the town after a long term in the penitentiary, caused ruin, and then went on his way again. The cafà © has long since been closed, but it is still remembered. The place was not always a cafà ©. Miss Amelia inherited the building from her father, and it was a store that carried mostly feed, guano, and staples such as meal and snuff. Miss Amelia was rich. In addition to the store she operated a still three miles back in the swamp, and ran out the best liquor in the county. She was a dark, tall woman with bones and muscles like a man. Her hair was cut short and brushed back from the forehead, and there was about her sunburned face a tense, haggard quality. She might have been a handsome woman if, even then, she was not slightly cross-eyed. There were those who would have courted her, but Miss Amelia cared nothing for the love of men and was a solitary person. Her marriage had been unlike any other marriage ever contracted in this county -- it was a strange and dangerous marriage, lasting only for ten days, that left the whole town wondering and shocked. Except for this queer marriage, MissShow MoreRelatedThe Ballad of the Sad Cafe779 Words   |  4 Pages2/16/14 The Ballad of the Sad Cafà ©, by Carson McCullers, is the story which takes in a small town in Georgia. The town is a dreary place, where not much happens, but in the story we read of love and betrayal which develops between the main characters of Miss Amelia, Cousin Lymon, and Marvin Macy. The cafà © was a product of love, and the site of betrayal. Miss Amelia develops a love interest in Cousin Lymon. The origins of Cousin Lymon are unknown, but he is a small hunchback who enters the townRead More The Ballad Of The Sad Cafe Essay599 Words   |  3 PagesThe Ballad Of The Sad Cafe Throughout the novel The Ballad Of The Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers, there is an evident recurring theme. Ever-present in the story is a feeling of unrequited love, illustrated through looking at the parallels of the intertwined relationships between three separate individuals. Miss Amelia Evans, Cousin Lymon Willis, and Marvin Macy, are the players involved in this grotesque love triangle. The feelings they respectively have for each other are what drivesRead MoreAnalysis Of Ballad Of The Sad Cafe982 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"The Ballad of the Sad Cafà ©Ã¢â‚¬  by Carson McCullers is a story about a town and its relationship with its cafà ©. Specifically, how the town’s people and Miss Amelia is before, during, and after the cafà © opens. The cafà © itself is not sad, because the town’s people have harmony and community when it is open. When it is open Miss Amelia becomes more joyful and the town’s people becomes social with one another. What makes the cafà © sad is that the town’s people go back to the way they were before the cafà ©Read MoreThemes In The Ballad Of The Sad Cafe770 Words   |  4 PagesI n the story â€Å"The Ballad of the Sad Cafà ©Ã¢â‚¬  by Carson McCullers takes place in a small, south side town. In it, there are three main characters; Miss Amelia, Marvin Macy, and Cousin Lymon. Some of the themes and characteristics you’ll find in this story are friendship, love triangle, revenge, gender issues, loneliness, and isolation. The love triangle is between all three main characters; Marvin Macy falls in love with Miss Amelia, Miss Amelia falls in love with Cousin Lymon, and Cousin Lymon fallsRead MoreThe Heart Is A Lonely Hunter Essay1341 Words   |  6 Pagesthe fate of John Henry West, and Bernice Sadie Brown’s future plans. She started her next major work, â€Å"THE BALLAD OF THE SAD CAFɆ, which was first published in Harper’s Bazaar in 1943. In this story, McCullers wrote about a love triangle in a small southern town, and some consider this to be one of her best works. Edward Albee dramatized her novella The Ballad of the Sad Cafà © in 1963, an adaptation which McCullers encouraged but which she found disappointing. While she had divorced herRead MoreEssay on Carson McCullers1148 Words   |  5 Pageshalf-dozen adult characters was an astonishing act of imaginative sympathy (Graver 586).      She is appreciated for a ``great sensitivity in describing the feelings of loneliness in both adults and teenagers (Hart 506). In her novel The Ballad of the Sad Cafà © she successfully used the darkness ``to the service of a compelling and powerful literal truth (Grave 210). She have a strong perception (feeling) of humanity in all its fears and its loneliness. She had a great understanding of peopleRead MoreNoteworthy American Writers: Carson McCullers Essay2022 Words   |  9 Pagesstories. In Ballad of a Sad Cafe there is a blend of isolation and the absence of love that consumes three characters: Amelia, Marvin, and Lymon. The novella The Members of the Wedding delves into the life of Frankie Adams an immature 12 year old who battles the trials and tribulations of her upcoming teenage years. McCullers peculiar characters writhe from loneliness and the pursuit of love that is recognized by the reader with deep compassion. The novella Ballad of a Sad Cafà © exemplifiesRead MoreThe Is A Freak By Jake Blount1378 Words   |  6 Pagesmost suitable medium because through this, she draws an alienated and tragic world of characters who demonstrate physical as well as psychological grotesqueness. Carson McCullers continues her art of grotesque in her other novels too. The Ballad of the Sad Cafà © is one of the most important grotesque characters McCullers created and it is generally agreed that Amelia’s grotesque tragic tale is an indirect presentation of the novelist’s own personal life. In this autobiographical novel, she analysisRead MoreThe Contribution Of The Civil Rights Movement1226 Words   |  5 PagesOne could argue that Carson McCullers should score higher on achievements.She was an astioning author that wrote multiple popular books. She wrote â€Å" The Heart s a Lonely Hunter†, Reflections in a Golden Eye, The Member of the Wedding, The Ballad of the Sad Cafe, and Clock Without Hands, McCullers was also a playwright and a short story writer. Carson house is the writing center for CSU.CSU is one of the only universities to own two homes by a single author and now houses the world s most extensiveRead MoreThe American Of American Literature1425 Words   |  6 PagesRichard Wright is Miss McCullers’ picture of loneliness, death, accident, insanity, fear, mob violence and terror is perhaps the most desolate that has so far come from the South. Her Best known novels are: The Heart is a Lonely /Hunter, The Ballad of the Sad Cafà ©, Reflection in a Golden Eye, and The Member of the Wedding. McCullers also won awards for her adaptation of The Member of the Wedding for the Broadway stage. At the time the novel was through to suggest an anti-Fascist message. McCullers published

Friday, December 27, 2019

Analysis Of The Movie Bend It Like Beckham - 1373 Words

In the movie â€Å"Bend it Like Beckham† (Chadha, 2002 ) the main characters Jess and Pinky, belong to the Indian religion called Sikhism. Pinky was very busy in her wedding processes whereas Jess wanted to play soccer (Chadha, 2002 ). This choice was not acceptable to her family (Chadha, 2002 ). They did not want Jess to wear shorts and play soccer (Chadha, 2002). Her mother wanted to see her in the traditional dress of Salwar- Kameez, and cooking Indian recipes rather than playing soccer (Chadha, 2002 ). It is important for an Indian woman to learn to cook food prior to getting married (Chadha, 2002 ). Everybody judges each other based on their culture. A nurse from an Indian background can also be judged, in the fact that it is thought that she should stay home rather than becoming a professional (article author, year). Ravindar Thilavath (2014), states that women are supposed to fulfill domestic duties including household chores such as cooking, spinning, grinding, spending time with husband’s family, as well as other household activities like needlework and knitting. People who come from other countries and have a unique ethnic background are judged for not speaking proper English due to the different accent (Bhatt, 2013). In the nursing profession, not knowing the English language can become a barrier to developing a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and the client (Health Canada, 2014). Also, the consequences of language barriers can be not able to protectShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Movie Bend It Like Beckham 1278 Words   |  6 PagesI selected to do a cultural analysis on the movie â€Å"Bend It Like Beckham†. To give a rundown on the plot of the movie, there is a girl named Jess Bhamra, who is an Indian living in England. She is a very talented soccer player, but her parents will not permit her to play. One day, she meets a girl named Jules Paxton, who persuades Jess to play soccer. Throughout her time on the team, Jess has to make sure that her parents do not discover that she is playing professional soccer and that she has a growingRead MoreBend It Like Beckham Movie Analysis1108 Words   |  5 PagesBend it like Beckham is a movie that came out in the United States on August 1st, 2003. This movie expresses the concept of marrying traditions to the world we leave in. Dreams are the colors on your palette that helps you paint on life’s canvas. They create goals to be reach, while giving hope for better days. Religion is what keeps people grounded and secure. It can also unite groups of people with the same ide ology. Bend It Like Beckham demonstrates the differences between western and easternRead MoreBend It Like Beckham Movie Analysis1414 Words   |  6 PagesBend It Like Beckham is a film that revolves loosely around soccer, but incorporates many life lessons and situations common in this day and age. The two main characters, Jess and Jules, both are women living in a culture where society and their loved ones expect them to act a certain way. Jesminder Bhamra, nicknamed Jess, has a great love for playing soccer, but because of her traditional Punjabi Indian family believing women have roles to cook, clean, and get married, she is not allowed to playRead MoreAnalysis Of `` Hidden Figures, Movie Directed By Theodore Melfi And Bend It Like Beckham1943 Words   |  8 Pages Through the use of cinematic techniques, Hidden figures, a movie directed by Theodore Melfi and Bend it like Beckham by Gurinder Chadha both explore the dangers that are inherent in a marginalised society. Each texts demonstrates that hope for change is needed in society as, hope can build the momentum for an individual to strive. Through these texts we see that people have no conscience about harming others until they learn the truth about their circumstances. This is depicted by the way in whichRead MoreIntersectional Analysis of Bend It Like Beckham2260 Words   |  10 PagesIntersectional analysis of Bend it Like Beckham. For this assignment, to make an intersectional analysis I decided to watch a movie. After searching and thinking for a while I picked the movie Bend it Like Beckham, since a lot of elements in this movie are applicable on my own life and I really could relate to one of the characters in the movie. As the title of the movie already implies, it is about football and takes place in England. Jesminder is a Sikh, Indian girl from a very traditional IndianRead MoreContemporary British Cinemas Representations of the Post-Colonial Diaspora of India1802 Words   |  7 Pagesoften in settings that are not traditionally of the Indian culture. British films often study the Indian diaspora’s effect on the Indians in terms of their culture and adaptation to the British culture. This analysis will focus on the portrayal of the post-colonial Indian culture through analysis of British contemporary films. British cinema portrays the Indian diaspora through the internal conflicts of the characters due to their multiethnic background the similarity between the interracial lineageRead MoreUnder the Desguise of a Passageway to Happiness: Assimiliation779 Words   |  3 Pagesmigration, assimilation, and what it really means to be happy in her chapter â€Å"Melancholic Migrant.† She traces the links between white culture and happiness; the idea of the whiter you are the happier you are. Ahmed presents arguments of other scholars, like Trevor Phillips, that present the notion of migration being the root of unhappiness in communities with people of different racial backgrounds living together and running into conflicts (122). She goes on to explore how the British government triesRead MoreHindi Film Industry2105 Words   |  9 Pagesthe most lucrative and highly volatile sectors, where a film can make or break careers. The movie industry largely depends on the audience, the consuming public for its revenue. The way and means to reach this diverse audience is through promotions. Where once, the only source of promotions was â€Å"word of mouth†, today there are diverse mediums available. Promotions have become an integral part of the movie budget. Promotions have taken the pride of place in a movie’s marketing campaign. As with anyRead MorePolitical Analysis of Film and Animation Industry4597 Words   |  19 Pagesfor animation technology services. The key drivers for the animation industry are the increasing domestic demand for animation movies and the increase in animation studios and training centers across the country. MEANING OF PESTLE ANALYSIS P-Political E-Economical S-Social T-Technological L-Legal E-Environmental †¢ Political factors are how and to what degreeRead MoreHanson Production18651 Words   |  75 PagesData   3.3 Primary Data   3.4 Data Collection Methods   3.5 Semi-Structure Interviews   3.5.1 Participants   3.6 Analysis   3.7 Limitation   3.8 Questionnaire format   4. Chapter Four: FINDINGS and ANALYSIS 4.1 Advantages of Corporate houses over Independent productions 4.2 Comparative Analysis of Bollywood and Hollywood   4.3 Competitive Advantage (Porter’s Five force) 4.4 SWOT Analysis 4.6 Bollywood’s Strategic Issues 4.7 Role of Government 5. Chapter Five: CONCLUSIONS amp; RECOMMENDATION

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Religion and the Workplace - 743 Words

Statement of the Problem Religion is becoming an important issue when it comes to diversity in organizations. Employers are either accommodating the increase in this diversity by creating groups within the organization or they realize it is there and are not troubled by it, but are not creating these resource groups. As the diversity of religion grows complaints to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission grow as well. What is behind the complaints and what is the EEOC doing to help religion? Background of the Study Equal Employment Opportunity Commission complaints about religious discrimination are rising faster than any other discrimination claim. Human Resources believe that this religious conflict is not a workplace issue, but an employee issue. â€Å"The most obvious opponents of the faith-at-work movement are agnostics, people who question the existence of a higher being, and atheists, who do not believe in any God.† (Canas Sondak, 2014, p. 205) Bobbie Kirkhart (President of the Atheist International Alliance) states religious diversity should not be the same as race, gender, and ethnic diversity. She believes that religious groups should not be given the same status as those listed. Not just atheists and those who question the existence of a higher being disagree with religion in the workplace, but the cause of the rise of discrimination claims could be of religious bias from the traditional American faiths. (Day, 2005) While most of the religious organizationsShow MoreRelatedReligion in the Workplace Essay578 Words   |  3 Pages3 Assignment Rough Draft Religion in the Workplace When one begins to talk about religion, everyone tends to be quite. Religion has and will always be a controversial subject to address. In society today with so many different religions available to practice one should not be attacked or treated differently for their religious beliefs when they enter the workforce. Under the First Amendment, Americans enjoy two freedoms with respect to religion: the right to be free from government-imposedRead MoreEssay on Accommodating Religion in the Workplace977 Words   |  4 Pagesintegrate their personal spirituality and religious beliefs with their professional lives (Cunningham, 2010). Managers are now faced with the difficult task of accommodating the varying spiritual beliefs of their workforce while tactfully mitigating religion-based issues in accordance with Title VII. Food Consumption When Maya failed to consume the majority of her dish after announcing her hunger at a recent business luncheon with colleagues, many were confused about her behavior after she wentRead MoreReligion and Spirituality in the Workplace Essay1680 Words   |  7 PagesReligion and Spirituality in the Workplace Today there are over 900 religious employee resource groups, according to the International Coalition of Workplace Ministries (Caà ±as Sondak, 2010). These affinity groups can help encourage religious understanding by offering panel discussions that educate employees on their beliefs. By allowing open discussion, answering religious questions and creating an open, welcoming religious environment in the workplace employees can better relate to one anotherRead More Religion and Spirituality in the Workplace Essay1350 Words   |  6 PagesReligion and Spirituality in the Workplace Faith in the workplace and the level of accommodations employers should allow is an increasing problem. Moreover, the influx of people from different backgrounds bringing with them different religious practices has caused organizations to seek help from organizations such as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the courts, and legal firms on how to deal with this new reality. Thus, the complexities surrounding religion and spiritualityRead MoreReligion Should Be Allowed Within The Workplace1795 Words   |  8 Pages Religion should be allowed in the workplace to an extent. If the vast majority of people in a workplace belonged to a certain religious group utilitarian would allow religion in the workplace. Since it is what the greatest amount of what people want it would be benefiting the greater good. This would be the simplest choice for the utilitarian view point. A utilitarian would also feel obligated to please those people who are the minority in this situatio n. This is why religion in the workplace wouldRead MoreReligion in the Workplace: an Ethical Evaluation2631 Words   |  11 PagesThis document has been removed.Read MoreA Ethical Theory Related Religion Within The Workplace Is Deontology847 Words   |  4 PagesA second ethical theory related to religion in the workplace is Deontology. Mosser (2013) defines Deontology as rather than looking at the consequences of an act, deontology looks at the reason for which an act is done, and the rule according to which one chooses to act. Deontology does not deny that acts have consequences; rather, it insists that those consequences should not play a role in our moral evaluation of such acts (p. 20). In October of 2009, Trevor Keezer was terminated by Home DepotRead MoreDiscrimination Within The Workplace, Race, Religion, National Origin And Disabilities1372 Words   |  6 PagesDiscrimination in the workplace comes in many forms: age, sex, race, religion, national origin and disabilities. All of these are in protected groups by law. The text Business Ethics defines job discrimination as occurring when (1) an employment decision in some way harms or disadvantages an employee or job applicant; (2) the decision based on a person’s membership in a certain group, rather than on individual merit; and (3) the decision rests on prejudice, false stereotypes, or the assumptionRead MoreThe Workplace And The Ethical Issues Of The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay1504 Words   |  7 PagesReligion in the workplace can introduce some of the most challenging concerns employers have to tackle. Solving these issues involves an understanding of the law as well as attempting to balance th e business s needs with an employee s desire to practice his or her religion. One of the most controversial conflicts when dealing with religion in the workplace is between an employee s desire to take time off to acknowledge religious days or holidays and the potential reduction in productivity andRead MoreEthical Issues Associated With Religion949 Words   |  4 Pagesbeing employed and prohibited from practicing your beliefs at work? Religion has come to be an important matter in the workplace. This is because of the ongoing religious diversity within the working environment. In today’s world, businesses employee individuals from different countries and religious backgrounds who may practice their beliefs in a variety of ways. There are ethical issues associated with religion in the workplace such as religious harassment, attire, and practices. We have the right

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Strategic Management and Business Model Blockbuster Essay Sample free essay sample

Timess have changed. and the concern theoretical accounts regulating companies a one-sided manner there have forced an version to engineerings and market tendencies to go on in this manner in a successful manner. Undeniably. one of the most of import factors that gave this consequence is that Blockbuster is non coupled to the new market tendencies. declining to alter its concern theoretical account to new engineering grosss. and most significantly. did non pay attending to the demands of its consumers. Although the concern theoretical account Blockbuster rents was advanced at the clip and subsequently. like its rival Netflix. income raided by mail. but non make bolding to follow new engineerings on-line income. hosted in the cloud seasonably. as they failed to take critical inquiries that have saved the company. Netflix. and even companies like Sony. stake shops online picture hosted on the cloud. with a proposal within your PlayStation 3. so why non see this tendency Blockbuster on clip and took it? Sometimes organisations including concerns. We will write a custom essay sample on Strategic Management and Business Model Blockbuster Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page bureaus. and even people grow attached to their on the job methods. ensuing in that they can non accept new engineerings and concern theoretical accounts that work in your market. This line of thought must be avoided particularly in these times of extremist alterations in consumer behaviour. Always be attentive to the demands and market tendencies. Merely that manner can remain in front and forestall a market antecedently dominated by fright is lost or ignorance to new engineerings. â€Å" Absorbent capacity theory examines the extent to which a house can acknowledge the value of the new external information. absorb it. and use it toward accomplishing organisational goals† ( Cohen A ; Levinthal. 1989. 1990 ) . This means that if Blockbuster would hold absorbed the new engineering and alteration to the new tendencies. they might still be in concern. These are some of the solution that I think would of aid Blockbuster. Making a diagnosing of the external environment of the organisation. With the roar in Internet concern something you had to take into history new media. selling and distribution. Blockbuster was slow to implement e-business schemes. and when they realized it was excessively late. John Antioco must show their invention schemes measurably in both benefits and cost decrease. although these were to long term. as the stockholder at the clip saw these schemes as an disbursal. Predicting the usage of high-velocity Internet in the United States. a tendency that has gone planetary. Today a professional. can watch films online via Netflix. in High Definition. without paying a luck. Mentions: Muehlhausen. Jim. â€Å"Want a Better Business. Better Your Business Model. † Business Model Institute Blockbuster Misses a Aureate OpportunityAgain Comments. Business Model Institute. n. d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //businessmodelinstitute. com/blockbuster-misses-a-golden-opportunityagain/ gt ; . Schuster. Mike. â€Å"How Netflix Succeeded Where Blockbuster Failed. † Yahoo! Finance. 27 Apr. 2010. 26 Nov. 2012 lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //finance. yokel. com/news/pf_article_109382. hypertext markup language gt ; .

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Taobao Case Analysis Essay Example

Taobao Case Analysis Essay Question 1: What are the major differences in the web designs of Taobao and eBay in China? Which is preferred to on-line buyers and sellers in China? Why? Taobao sought to distinguish itself from eBay in numerous ways. So Taobao’s web designs were imbued with a strong local culture that reflected a deep understanding of Chinese consumers and an attitude of informality. First of all, the website was designed like a Chinese department store. Taobao’s web designs are with strong colors, a little bit noisy, with lots of links. For example, they designed men’s and women’s navigation tab, to make it more suitable for Chinese customers. The following are Taobao and eBay’s homepage on November 4,2010. Taobao’s Homepage: eBAY’s home page: Secondly, Taobao also developed a number of mechanisms on the website to help creat the trust between sellers and buyers because in China, even in business, affect- and cognition-based trust are highly intertwined. Sellers need to register using their ID and bank account information. * Taobao allowed buyers and vendors to provide feedback for each other and distinguished a person’s score as a seller and a buyer while eBay only has one score for one user. * Taobao introduced Alipay in 2004. Alipay is an escrow service designed to eliminate settlement risk among trading parties. Lastly, Taobao also embedded an IM service, Wangwang, in its website to facilitate communication between buyers and sellers and between users and the company. We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Wangwang allows buyers to directly haggle with sellers. This service reduced the communication problems of Taobao tremendously, compared to eBay. Due to the better understanding of Chinese culture and Chinese customers, Taobao’s website designs are preferred by Chinese eyes because it reflected how Chinese shoppers think. Question 2: Why did Taobao establish the Alipay system? Why did not eBay establish such a system when its market share in China was still high? The whole reason for Alipay goes back to the issue of trust between buyers and ellers. Initially, Taobao had issues with buyers paying, and never receiving the item. The solution was to create an intermediary service that received the payment, held the payment until the buyer received the shipment, and then released the funds to the seller. This system created trust between the buyer and seller, allowing them to work together under the guidance of a third party. Taobao understood the importance of offering payment mec hanisms as part of their service, because of China’s poorly developed e-business infrastructure. Ma and his team also had longstanding relationship with Chinese government officials and leaders in the Chinese banking industry, which gave him the support of existing financial institutions. Part of Ebay’s issue was a lack of understanding of some of the differences between doing business in China and the US. When a person signs a contract in the US, it is strongly protected by the rule of law, and the seller is liable if they don’t fulfill their orders. In contrast, China’s rule of law is much weaker, with little recourse if a person doesn’t fulfill a contract. In China, people are much more comfortable dealing in cash, and actually used Taobao to arrange offline meetings to exchange payment and goods. In addition, the whole idea of ecommerce was a new concept in China, and Ebay assumed that people in China were as familiar with it as people in the US. While Ebay had Paypal, it didn’t provide strong enough protection for the Chinese customer or seller. Alipay introduced several protection mechanisms other than the double-confirmation system. It connected an Alipay account to a person’s national identity card, minimizing the risk of fraudulent accounts. Alipay also worked with logistics companies to organize transportation of goods. Besides, many Internet users dislike eBay because its Paypal did not seamlessly integrate escrow into the sales process like Taobao’s Alipay made escrow as an important component of the online buying experience. Only when losing lots of market shares to Taobao, did eBay recognize this fact and made attempts to incorporate escrow but it was too late to regain lost market shares. Question 3: Why can not Harvard MBA graduates beat the locally educated managers in China in this Taobao case? Even the best CEOs who graduated from the prestigious Harvard Business School make bad acquisitions. What’s notable about Meg Whitman’s career at eBay, however, is how her record cleaves into two neat parts: She did well during the companys go-go growth stage, but much less well as the company became large and mature. Early on, Whitman recognized that China offered stupendous opportunities for new growth. In 2003, eBay purchased the Beijing-based EachNet auction site. Three years and $300 million later, eBay shut down its China site. What are the reasons to this embarrassing failure of a management team most of whom were Harvard MBA graduates while their competitors are locally-educated managers in China? The main reason is those HBS graduates lack the understanding of cultural and legal context in China. Firstly, they kept the same platform as for US. However, this sparse site was not what Chinese shoppers like. In the meanwhile, Jack Ma was so successful in Taobao design by imbuing Taobao with a strong local culture that reflected a deep understanding of Chinese consumers who prefer busy web designs with strong colors and lots of links. Secondly, eBay management team did not recognize the importance of building up trust which is critical to business culture in china. Later attempts by eBay to incorporate escrow to their payment system were too late to regain lost market shares. Besides, initially eBay did not allow buyers and sellers to communicate directly while Taobao from the very beginning allows for direct instant messaging between the two parties. It was said that while TaoBao’s no-fee policy hurt eBay, the falloff was not precipitous. What caused a customer exodus was a major strategic error, combined with bungling by eBay’s corporate bureaucracy, which failed to react quickly to mounting problems. Whitman envisioned a â€Å"global village† to create one universal eBay site. For a year, eBay and EachNet worked on a transition plan to switch from EachNet’s China technology platform to the system in the United States. EBay traffic would flow back and forth between the two countries; previously, the China traffic had mostly stayed in China. It was said to be a great vision, but a terrible business strategy. The data capacity of overseas Internet pipes couldn’t handle all the traffic; loading speeds on the site slowed dramatically. Furthermore, the overseas traffic received more scrutiny from China’s â€Å"great firewall† — a system of government filters that screens for political contentwhich further slowed eBay’s China site. Whitman’s campaign said, â€Å"Meg and her top executives moved to China for months† during the summer of 2005 to make the endeavor work and noted that Google and Yahoo faced extreme difficulty in China as well. However, despite those efforts, by late 2006, eBay shut its China site while buying a minority stake in Tom Online, a tiny auction market player whose market share today is in the single digits. In other words, Whitman and her management team accepted the failure to their locally-educated competitors from Taobao. Question 4: Can the Taobao model (C2C) apply to the B2B market in China? Why and why not? It would be fairly difficult to apply a C2C model to a B2B market because the business model is complete different, and the customer / users are totally different as well. Since the business model should be designed to meet target customers’ demand and needs, we wouldn’t suggest applying Taobao model to the B2B market in China. Like what is mentioned in the case, Alibaba Group has two platforms designed for C2C and B2B market: Alibaba and Taobao. Alibaba provide companies’ information for users to find a business partner. They know that credibility is important, so they introduced TrustPass service later on. On the other hand, Taobao is designed exclusively for a C2C market. Users can find each other’s products through the platform, and the team designed the Webpage according to users’ culture preference and habits. As we can see, for different targets, we need different strategies and methods. However, it is of course beneficial to learn from Taobao experience if a company wants to aim on a B2B market. For example, it is very important to KNOW your target customers. When Taobao was starting, they knew that if they want to beat their rival (eBay), they need to provide a core value that is unique and appealing to the users of a auction website. They study the preference of Chinese users and make web pages attractive to them. The other thing to learn from Taobao is the importance to provide a secure buy and sell system. In order to make sure that customers who make the payment would receive the products they purchase, Taobao introduced Alipay so that the seller wouldn’t receive the payment until the buyer gets the product. Taobao Case Analysis Essay Example Taobao Case Analysis Essay Question 1: What are the major differences in the web designs of Taobao and eBay in China? Which is preferred to on-line buyers and sellers in China? Why? Taobao sought to distinguish itself from eBay in numerous ways. So Taobao’s web designs were imbued with a strong local culture that reflected a deep understanding of Chinese consumers and an attitude of informality. First of all, the website was designed like a Chinese department store. Taobao’s web designs are with strong colors, a little bit noisy, with lots of links. For example, they designed men’s and women’s navigation tab, to make it more suitable for Chinese customers. The following are Taobao and eBay’s homepage on November 4,2010. Taobao’s Homepage: eBAY’s home page: Secondly, Taobao also developed a number of mechanisms on the website to help creat the trust between sellers and buyers because in China, even in business, affect- and cognition-based trust are highly intertwined. Sellers need to register using their ID and bank account information. * Taobao allowed buyers and vendors to provide feedback for each other and distinguished a person’s score as a seller and a buyer while eBay only has one score for one user. * Taobao introduced Alipay in 2004. Alipay is an escrow service designed to eliminate settlement risk among trading parties. Lastly, Taobao also embedded an IM service, Wangwang, in its website to facilitate communication between buyers and sellers and between users and the company. We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Taobao Case Analysis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Wangwang allows buyers to directly haggle with sellers. This service reduced the communication problems of Taobao tremendously, compared to eBay. Due to the better understanding of Chinese culture and Chinese customers, Taobao’s website designs are preferred by Chinese eyes because it reflected how Chinese shoppers think. Question 2: Why did Taobao establish the Alipay system? Why did not eBay establish such a system when its market share in China was still high? The whole reason for Alipay goes back to the issue of trust between buyers and ellers. Initially, Taobao had issues with buyers paying, and never receiving the item. The solution was to create an intermediary service that received the payment, held the payment until the buyer received the shipment, and then released the funds to the seller. This system created trust between the buyer and seller, allowing them to work together under the guidance of a third party. Taobao understood the importance of offering payment mec hanisms as part of their service, because of China’s poorly developed e-business infrastructure. Ma and his team also had longstanding relationship with Chinese government officials and leaders in the Chinese banking industry, which gave him the support of existing financial institutions. Part of Ebay’s issue was a lack of understanding of some of the differences between doing business in China and the US. When a person signs a contract in the US, it is strongly protected by the rule of law, and the seller is liable if they don’t fulfill their orders. In contrast, China’s rule of law is much weaker, with little recourse if a person doesn’t fulfill a contract. In China, people are much more comfortable dealing in cash, and actually used Taobao to arrange offline meetings to exchange payment and goods. In addition, the whole idea of ecommerce was a new concept in China, and Ebay assumed that people in China were as familiar with it as people in the US. While Ebay had Paypal, it didn’t provide strong enough protection for the Chinese customer or seller. Alipay introduced several protection mechanisms other than the double-confirmation system. It connected an Alipay account to a person’s national identity card, minimizing the risk of fraudulent accounts. Alipay also worked with logistics companies to organize transportation of goods. Besides, many Internet users dislike eBay because its Paypal did not seamlessly integrate escrow into the sales process like Taobao’s Alipay made escrow as an important component of the online buying experience. Only when losing lots of market shares to Taobao, did eBay recognize this fact and made attempts to incorporate escrow but it was too late to regain lost market shares. Question 3: Why can not Harvard MBA graduates beat the locally educated managers in China in this Taobao case? Even the best CEOs who graduated from the prestigious Harvard Business School make bad acquisitions. What’s notable about Meg Whitman’s career at eBay, however, is how her record cleaves into two neat parts: She did well during the companys go-go growth stage, but much less well as the company became large and mature. Early on, Whitman recognized that China offered stupendous opportunities for new growth. In 2003, eBay purchased the Beijing-based EachNet auction site. Three years and $300 million later, eBay shut down its China site. What are the reasons to this embarrassing failure of a management team most of whom were Harvard MBA graduates while their competitors are locally-educated managers in China? The main reason is those HBS graduates lack the understanding of cultural and legal context in China. Firstly, they kept the same platform as for US. However, this sparse site was not what Chinese shoppers like. In the meanwhile, Jack Ma was so successful in Taobao design by imbuing Taobao with a strong local culture that reflected a deep understanding of Chinese consumers who prefer busy web designs with strong colors and lots of links. Secondly, eBay management team did not recognize the importance of building up trust which is critical to business culture in china. Later attempts by eBay to incorporate escrow to their payment system were too late to regain lost market shares. Besides, initially eBay did not allow buyers and sellers to communicate directly while Taobao from the very beginning allows for direct instant messaging between the two parties. It was said that while TaoBao’s no-fee policy hurt eBay, the falloff was not precipitous. What caused a customer exodus was a major strategic error, combined with bungling by eBay’s corporate bureaucracy, which failed to react quickly to mounting problems. Whitman envisioned a â€Å"global village† to create one universal eBay site. For a year, eBay and EachNet worked on a transition plan to switch from EachNet’s China technology platform to the system in the United States. EBay traffic would flow back and forth between the two countries; previously, the China traffic had mostly stayed in China. It was said to be a great vision, but a terrible business strategy. The data capacity of overseas Internet pipes couldn’t handle all the traffic; loading speeds on the site slowed dramatically. Furthermore, the overseas traffic received more scrutiny from China’s â€Å"great firewall† — a system of government filters that screens for political contentwhich further slowed eBay’s China site. Whitman’s campaign said, â€Å"Meg and her top executives moved to China for months† during the summer of 2005 to make the endeavor work and noted that Google and Yahoo faced extreme difficulty in China as well. However, despite those efforts, by late 2006, eBay shut its China site while buying a minority stake in Tom Online, a tiny auction market player whose market share today is in the single digits. In other words, Whitman and her management team accepted the failure to their locally-educated competitors from Taobao. Question 4: Can the Taobao model (C2C) apply to the B2B market in China? Why and why not? It would be fairly difficult to apply a C2C model to a B2B market because the business model is complete different, and the customer / users are totally different as well. Since the business model should be designed to meet target customers’ demand and needs, we wouldn’t suggest applying Taobao model to the B2B market in China. Like what is mentioned in the case, Alibaba Group has two platforms designed for C2C and B2B market: Alibaba and Taobao. Alibaba provide companies’ information for users to find a business partner. They know that credibility is important, so they introduced TrustPass service later on. On the other hand, Taobao is designed exclusively for a C2C market. Users can find each other’s products through the platform, and the team designed the Webpage according to users’ culture preference and habits. As we can see, for different targets, we need different strategies and methods. However, it is of course beneficial to learn from Taobao experience if a company wants to aim on a B2B market. For example, it is very important to KNOW your target customers. When Taobao was starting, they knew that if they want to beat their rival (eBay), they need to provide a core value that is unique and appealing to the users of a auction website. They study the preference of Chinese users and make web pages attractive to them. The other thing to learn from Taobao is the importance to provide a secure buy and sell system. In order to make sure that customers who make the payment would receive the products they purchase, Taobao introduced Alipay so that the seller wouldn’t receive the payment until the buyer gets the product.